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M365, Email Security Mailflow, Outbound SPF failure

Hi, we're fairly new with M365 and Sophos Email Security set up with Mailflow and working fine.

Today I had a customer reach out saying that our emails are failing SPF.  Examining the headers, this failure is happening when our outgoing email is passed back to us from Sophos for scanning, then sent out to an external domain.  Our domain passes SPF, but earlier down the chain it's failing.

Header 4 and 5 show the SPF=pass info -- "" is my obfuscated domain name.

4 Authentication-Results spf=pass (sender IP is; dkim=pass (signature was verified);dmarc=pass action=none;compauth=pass reason=100
5 Received-SPF Pass ( domain of designates as permitted sender); client-ip=;; pr=C

Header 8 and 9 below show the fail which I'm guessing this client is seeing and their (barracuda) appliance is flagging it.

8 X-MS-Exchange-Authentication-Results spf=fail (sender IP is; dkim=pass (signature was verified);dmarc=pass action=none;
9 Received-SPF Fail ( domain of does not designate as permitted sender); client-ip=;;

To visualize this, the flow is something like this;
message sent by us to external domain
Rule to redirect to Sophos
Connector: Outbound emails to Sophos Email
Connector: Outbound emails from Sophos
email sent

So my question is, should I be adding the sophos email record ( to our SPF to mitigate this problem?  To me, it shouldn't matter as my domain, which is the final sending domain is passing the SPF check - the failure is happening between Sophos and my O365 tenant, not directly from my domain.  I'm not really seeing anything in the docs to state this other than if you're using the mail gateway.  Does it apply to mailflow too?

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  •   Am not sure why M365 is checking SPF records when it comes to emails that are considered still within the system (albeit M365->Sophos->M365) but usually SPF should be checking inbound emails. So normally SPF is meant to prevent spoofed inbound emails from getting to the internal users. From how the OP described the scenario, it looks like the M365 that was supposed to relay the email out to the internet should have been the one adjusted. IF the M365 is not checking outbound emails but only inbound emails for SPF record, then this would also have the same effect as the workaround that was put in place.

  • I think you've misunderstood his problem. It's nothing to do with internal emails. The problem is that mail routed to Sophos is being stamped with the IP address of the Sophos processing servers. is a Sophos server and the email is saying that it's being sent from that server instead of the O365 server.