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Sophos Firewall: [LetsEncrypt] How To in Sophos Firewall

Disclaimer: This information is provided as-is for the benefit of the Community. Please contact Sophos Professional Services if you require assistance with your specific environment.

Hi Guys,

This Recommended Read goes over different options to obtain a Let's Encrypt certificate.


UTM has a LE Support for WAF (since UTM9.6). But on Sophos you can use LE certificates as well! Seems like many people does not know, you simply need a little Linux server and 5-10 minutes of your time each 3 month. Or you automate this. 

First of all, i want to share the "how it works" page of LE.

My Setup. 

Internet - Sophos - Ubuntu 20.04 LTS
Ubuntu has "certbot" installed. Feel free to use other LE modules.
Follow straight the Guide for your OS. I am relying fully on those apps for the renewal process.  

Next step is, I am choosing the HTTP-01 method for LE, so i need a DNAT for LE to my Ubuntu.


PS: I am using HTTP DNAT for the renewal process and deactivate those Rules after the process. But you can also use only the LE IPs:
PS2: You could switch to the DNS validation like explained in this Community thread.  

Next steps would be to check your Domain. Your DNS A-Record should point to your WAN IP. Otherwise this process will not work. 
So perform a dig / nslookup of your domain. It should point to your WAN IP, so your DNAT will work and HTTP packets are forwarded to Certbot. 
You can also use the Sophos free DDNS service. 


Lets start certbot and try it. 
My renewal process is straight forward:

(Be careful: LE blocks you after couple of "failed" request for some time. So check everything!).
In the End you will get 4 files on your Linux: Public, Chain, Fullchain, Privatkey Certificates. 

Upload to Sophos Firewall

You will use this Public and Privatkey certificate. 
There are couple of approaches to upload this to Sophos . 

The first LE Cert can be simply uploaded. 
You should use the Public.pem in "Certificate" and the Privatkey in "Privat key". 
PS: you have to rename the Privatkey.pem to Privatkey.key, otherwise Sophos will not take this certificate. 


Optionally you can upload the other Chain and fullchain Certificate under Certificate Authorities (Without Privat key). 
Now you can use this Certificate for WAF/Webadmin. 

In case of renewal (each 90 Days), you have to choose a process.


You can simply upload the new LE certificate with another Name and replace it in WAF/Webadmin. 
Or you can "update" the current LE certificate with new public.pem / privat.key. But for this method, you have to switch to a fallback certificate in WAF/Webadmin, because Sophos cannot update a certificate, which is currently in use.  

After all, those steps are manual process each 90 Days. 
You can "script" this, if you want to. So basically upload the certificate each 90 Days to Sophos .
Other member in the community performed already scripts for this. -firewall/f/sophos-Sophos -firewall-general-discussion/102208/upload-certificate-using-api -firewall/f/discussions/126295/automatically-renew-let-s-encrypt-ssl-certificates-on-Sophos -using-powershell -firewall/f/discussions/129768/letsencrypt-api-update-script---dynamically-handles-multiple-certs-multiple-rules-including-re-grouping-of-policies-rules -firewall/f/discussions/134534/sophos-Sophos -api-lets-encrypt-powershell-7-waf-update -firewall/f/discussions/138668/upload-certificates-using-powershell-to-automate-let-s-encrypt

If you want to script this, this community can help you in case you are struggling with a point! 
So simply open a new thread with your issue with the API, we will try to find a solution. 

Sophos Factory

Sophos Factory brings a new Tool to automate Script based approaches. This means, you can easily run a Script like Certbot or Lego in a Sophos Factory environment to generate the certificate and upload it to the Sophos Firewall. 

Sophos Factory offers a free Community Edition.

Within Sophos Factory it could look like this:

Each step is one scripting component. By Using tools like Lego and Github, the "Pipeline" will run one time, generate the certificate and upload it to the Firewall. 

Contribution: Free alternative to this approach
For the Github script. 
 Thanks for the PHP Script! 
 for a Powershell Script with WAF integration. 
 for another version of a Powershell Script. 

Updated Title
[edited by: Erick Jan at 12:58 AM (GMT -7) on 4 May 2023]
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